Main     Analyses 7R05 by Richard Pavlicek

# ACBL Instant MP Pairs

The 36 deals in this collection were played September 20, 1995 in the ninth annual “Instant Matchpoint” Pairs, a continent-wide event conducted by the American Contract Bridge League. The analyses were written by Richard Pavlicek and originally published in a souvenir booklet given to each participant after the game.

Regardless of whether you played in this event, these analyses provide instructive reading with many tips on bidding and play. To benefit even further, prepare these deals in duplicate boards (or have someone else do it) and play them. Determine your matchpoint scores from the tables (top is 100) then compare your bidding and play with my write-up.

### Original Letter

July 15, 1995

Dear Bridge Players:

I hope you enjoyed playing these deals, and have the time to compare your results with my analyses. Who knows? You might even find that you quashed one of my predictions with some spectacular bid or play. Good for you!

For the sake of curiosity, this year I added a statistical analysis of the 36 deals (see the boxed text after the last deal). The breakdown shows that East had the best in the way of high cards (10.64 average HCP), and North had the best in the way of shape (3.28 average freakness). By totaling the average freakness of all the players (11.83) and comparing it with the theoretical average by my formula (11.92), it shows that the deals were slightly less freakish (more balanced) than expected — so you can’t complain about “wild computer deals” here.

I also included a trivia quiz (different from last year) and a few other odds and ends in the boxes at the bottom of each page. I hope you enjoy them.

Attention, Internet surfers! I now have a Worldwide Web site, where you’ll find a variety of complimentary bridge material. Check it out. The URL is http://www.rpbridge.net

Richard Pavlicek

© 1995 Richard Pavlicek

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## Board 1

 North DealsNone Vul J 5 3 J 5 3 K 10 2 K 9 7 6 A Q 4 2 K Q 4 A Q 7 4 Q 3 9 8 9 8 7 6 J 6 5 3 8 5 4 K 10 7 6 A 10 2 9 8 A J 10 2

Standard bidders are likely to begin with a sequence like this:

 WestDblDbl NorthPass1 NTPass EastPassPass? South1 Pass

What East should do now is debatable. Passing and leading a heart could be the winner, as perfect defense will get two hearts, three diamonds and two spades before declarer can enjoy a spade trick.

If East pulls the double, he can score plus 90 in 2 ; but more likely he will try 2  (my choice) which is destined to go down one. The logic in choosing hearts over diamonds is dubious with such a weak hand, but I expect to win the postmortem with, “My hearts were a solid sequence!”

Weak notrumpers will show a profit here. South will open 1 NT and West’s double is likely to end the auction (this double is more penalty oriented). With West on lead 1 NT can always be made, even with double-dummy defense.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 1

 ...+800...+500...+480...+380 10099989796959493 ...+300+280...+200...+180... 9291898584837975 +150+140+130+120+110+100+90... 7269686765575149 +50...-50...-90-100-110... 43312927231697 -140-150...-200...-300... 6543210

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## Board 2

 East DealsN-S Vul A 9 J 5 4 2 Q J 10 3 A Q 3 10 8 7 6 A Q 8 5 4 2 J 7 5 J 5 2 8 7 6 A 9 7 6 K 9 2 K Q 4 3 K 10 9 3 K 10 8 6 4

I’ve always felt that major-suit game tries should not reveal declarer’s hand. Hence, the simple route:

 WestPassPassPass North1 2 4 EastPassPassPassAll Pass SouthPass1 3

Those who play informative game tries may bid 2 (natural) or 3 (help suit), either of which may clue West into the killing club lead. Especially note that it is often effective to lead an announced “help suit.”

On a spade lead, declarer should win in hand and lead the K to East’s ace. The best defense is a heart switch, then a club through the A-Q. Do you finesse? Or hop, and play for a 4-4 diamond break? I would go by West’s count signal in diamonds, which should be honest here. Using standard signals, West would play the 5 (likely the start of an echo) so I’d hop and cash.

Weak notrumpers may right-side 4 from North to protect the A-Q. Ironically, however, East is likely to lead a passive trump; then West, a club shift.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 2

 ...+650...+630+620+600...+180 10099989784726766 +170...+150+140...+120+110... 5854524440393736 +90...-100...-200...-300... 35342463210

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## Board 3

 South DealsE-W Vul 7 3 10 6 4 A 10 7 3 2 K 9 5 6 4 A 9 8 5 3 K 8 4 10 8 6 A K Q J J Q 9 6 5 A Q J 7 10 9 8 5 2 K Q 7 2 J 4 3 2

Most East-West pairs will reach 3 NT, though routes will vary. Here’s one possibility if North is silent:

 WestPass1 2 NT NorthPassPassPass East1 2 3 NT SouthPassPassPassAll Pass

At the vulnerability it is tempting for North to open 1 (or perhaps an ugly weak 2 ) in third seat. East would double, then follow up with a notrump bid after West bids hearts, resulting in the same contract but with East declaring.

After the normal diamond lead to the jack and king, West can win 11 tricks by immediately returning the 8. If North wins and shifts to a heart, declarer can win the ace and run the 10 to pick up that suit.

Many will win only 10 tricks (or less). For example, if North covers the 8 with the 10 to force the queen, it is dubious for declarer to cross to the A to lead clubs; more likely, he will concede a club trick. Also, when East declares, 10 tricks is the maximum barring the gift of a low heart or club lead.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 3

 ...+500...+300...+200...+100 10099989796959493 ...-50...-90-100-110-120-130 9291908988878685 -140-150...-170-180...-200... 8483828180797877 -500...-600-620-630...-650-660 7675726248333220 ...-690...-800... 43210

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## Board 4

 West DealsBoth Vul K Q 9 6 J 8 3 2 K 8 6 6 4 10 8 5 4 A 10 7 6 5 Q 5 9 2 J 7 3 4 9 7 3 A Q J 8 5 3 A 2 K Q 9 A J 10 4 2 K 10 7

Here’s another third-seat opening-bid issue, and this time I vote for action:

 WestPassAll Pass NorthPass East3 South3 NT

East is about a trick short for 3 , but the preemption and lead direction are hard to resist — or at least that’s how I’d explain it to my parole officer. Further, in an event like this it is ineffective to play down the middle; you have to roll the dice once in a while.

South’s 3 NT is a slight stretch but almost automatic for a seasoned player. Good partners always lay down a helpful dummy when you overbid, and this occasion is no exception. “Thank you, partner…”

After the 9 lead, East should play the jack to retain communication. If declarer takes this he can win only nine tricks (and must play diamonds right to succeed), so he should counter by ducking the first trick. Now the club threat is nullified, and declarer can win 10 tricks by forcing out the A.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 4

 ...+750...+690...+660...+630 10099989796898269 +620+600...+500+400...+300... 5545403938373635 +210+200...+180...+150+140+130 3433323129272421 +120+110...-100...-200...-300 1918171310863 ...-500... 210

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## Board 5

 North DealsN-S Vul Q 9 3 2 A 9 8 J 9 K Q 3 2 K J 6 5 4 4 3 A K 4 9 5 4 10 7 K Q J 6 2 Q 6 3 2 A 7 A 8 10 7 5 10 8 7 5 J 10 8 6

I have been told I don’t give enough coverage to weak notrumpers, so here’s an attempt at retaliation:

 WestPass North1 NTPass East2 SouthPass

North’s 12-point opening (10-12 or 12-14, take your pick) is frightening at the vulnerability, but difficult to punish as the cards lie. Note that if doubled, the best North-South can do is escape to 2 , which (doubled) goes for 200. Weak notrumpers exhibit a good case that it’s tough to catch them speeding.

East’s 2 overcall is a little shabby, but here works better than most two-suited gadgets, which would have a tough time reaching this optimum spot. Nine tricks should be won after the likely club lead. Note that the spade guess is irrelevant — if declarer puts up the K, he will have to lose a diamond trick.

No doubt many East-West pairs will get overboard, sometimes to 3 NT, which is routinely defeated with an original club lead (or timely club shift).

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 5

 ...+300...+200...+150...+120 10099989796959493 ...+100+90...+500...-90 9291898878696867 -100-110-120-130-140-150...-170 6556464533222117 -180...-200...-300...-400-420 1312987654 -430...-500... 3210

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## Board 6

 East DealsE-W Vul A Q 10 7 6 — Q J 6 4 2 Q 7 5 9 5 3 2 Q 9 7 2 10 5 A 10 4 — K 8 6 A 8 7 3 K J 8 6 3 2 K J 8 4 A J 10 5 4 3 K 9 9

Most North-South pairs should reach the spade game, commonly after this auction:

 WestPassAll Pass North1 East1 Pass South1 4

At some tables West might complicate the issue with a pathetic negative double of 1 (or worse, a 1  bid), perhaps quelling the game aspirations for North-South. I wonder: Would you reach 4  if West responded 1 ? Pretty tough, I think.

Regardless of the lead or defense, 11 tricks should be won in spades despite the 4-0 trump break. Declarer can establish the diamond suit with a ruff (high), ruff one club, discard a club on the A and still draw all of West’s trumps. Of course, some declarers will be careless and hold themselves to 10 tricks, and a few will do even worse.

Bridge teachers note: This is an excellent lesson deal on trump handling and control.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 6

 ...+800...+690...+650...+590 10098979695949392 ...+500...+450...+420+400... 9190898169574544 +200...+170...+140...+110+100 4240393837353432 ...-50...-100-110...-130... 31251713111098 -150...-200...-300...-710... 76543210

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## Board 7

 South DealsBoth Vul 10 4 3 K J 10 7 4 A Q J 7 6 K 9 7 9 2 K Q 10 9 4 2 5 2 Q J 8 6 5 3 J 8 7 3 A K 10 A 2 A Q 8 6 5 6 5 9 8 4 3

With great fits on both sides and the HCP about even, a lively auction should transpire. Here’s one scenario:

 West2 4 Pass North2 PassPass East2 PassDbl SouthPass4 5 All Pass

East’s spade suit is atypical for a response to a weak two-bid, but the diamond fit ensures safety. This allows West to take the sacrifice (?) in 4 , one level lower than East would have done in diamonds. South now has a tough decision. I think many will push to 5 , and East should double based on his fast club tricks.

Against hearts, East leads the K and West signals with the five, but the situation is not clear — West could have J-7-5. Obviously, East must continue clubs to hold declarer to nine tricks.

What about that 4 sacrifice? Assuming the A lead, South is unlikely to find the killing diamond shift, unless North can signal it. Should North drop the K? That would work well here; but what if East held Q-x? I’m betting that 4  makes.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 7

 ...+800+790...+620...+500... 10099989792858483 +300...+200...+170...+140... 8281807978757166 +100...0...-100-110...-130 6462616048323129 -140-150...-170...-200...-500 2726252321181615 ...-620...-790-800... 1293210

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## Board 8

 West DealsNone Vul K Q 3 10 9 7 4 Q 8 4 K J 10 9 8 7 5 2 Q J 8 3 10 2 9 4 J 10 4 K 6 J 9 7 5 3 Q 6 2 A 6 A 5 2 A K 6 A 8 7 5 3

South’s “aces and spaces” are not ideal for declaring notrump, but it’s hard to fault this simple auction:

 WestPassPass NorthPass4 NT EastPassAll Pass South2 NT

The 4 NT response is quantitative based on a 20-22 range, and South rejects. Having already promoted his 19 points into 20, it’s time to draw the line.

The only play problem is how to tackle clubs, and the lie of the cards unfortunately rewards the wrong play. Proper technique is a club to the jack, as this caters to more 4-1 breaks (3-2 breaks are a wash). The essence of this strategy is that declarer can pick up Q-9-x-x with West, but he cannot pick up the same holding with East. Protect yourself: If you made 12 tricks on this board, claim that West played the 9 on the first round to give you a legitimate alternative.

Should West by chance find a low heart lead, South should duck and win the second round before taking the recommended club play. This yields the same 11 tricks, since East will have no more hearts.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 8

 ...+990...+920...+490...+460 10097949392776140 ...+430+420+400...+240...+210 2322201918171615 ...+170...+150...+110...-50 1413121110987 ...-100...-150... 43210

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## Board 9

 North DealsE-W Vul J 7 5 A J 9 8 4 3 Q 5 A 10 10 6 7 5 2 A 8 2 K 9 8 3 2 A K Q 9 4 3 K Q 10 4 Q J 6 8 2 6 K J 10 9 7 6 3 7 5 4

East-West have the values for game, and I consider this a sound auction:

 WestPass4 North1 PassAll Pass EastDbl3 South3 Pass

East is too strong for an overcall, so he doubles. South’s bid is weak (does anybody still play strong jumps over a double?). Over 3  West has a tough decision, but to pass is an insult to partner; considering the alternatives, I like the simple raise.

So much for good bidding. The singleton heart lead will quickly flatten 4 . Even if East falsecards with a high honor, North should not be fooled on the bidding. North should return the 3 as suit preference for clubs, and South gets two ruffs.

The only makable game is 3 NT, which is a reasonable venture on the auction. Basically, it gains over 4  when hearts are 6-1 or a diamond is not led; while it loses when hearts are 5-2 and a diamond is led. Of course, this is purely academic, since I see no logical way to bid it.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 9

 ...+500...+200...+130...+110 10099989796959493 +100...-50...-100-110...-140 8171706967646356 -150...-170...-200...-230... 4845433632292827 -300...-500...-600-620...-650 25242220191498 ...-790-800...-850...-990... 76543210

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## Board 10

 East DealsBoth Vul Q 7 5 — A K J 9 7 4 A Q 8 7 — J 7 5 2 Q 8 5 2 K 10 5 3 2 K J 9 3 A K 10 6 4 10 3 J 4 A 10 8 6 4 2 Q 9 8 3 6 9 6

Here’s an exciting deal that will be a thorn for Easts who are quick to double:

 West3 North4 East1 Dbl South2 All Pass

South’s jump overcall is quite a rag, but experience has shown that the worst bids often produce the best results. Nice dummy, partner! East’s double is probably the right strategy — at least you won’t get any argument from North-South.

The hand plays like a dream, in fact 11 tricks can’t be stopped. Ruff the heart lead, cash two diamonds to throw a club, and ruff a diamond (East cannot gain by ruffing with the J). If South now continues: heart ruff, A, etc., he can be held to 10 tricks. The key is to negotiate more ruffs in hand, so cross to the A (no finesse) and continue the crossruff, as East is helpless.

The matchpoint difference in the scores of 990 and 790 is more meaningful than usual because of the East-West group going for 800 in 5 .

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 10

 ...+1400...+1100...+990...+800 10099989796949189 +790...+650...+620...+500+400 8482797671666560 ...+300...+200...+170...+140 5751484440393837 ...+100...-100...-200...-300 3635343024191413 ...-500...-800...-1100... 11864210

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## Board 11

 South DealsNone Vul 9 A Q 4 3 K J 7 6 5 Q 9 4 A 10 3 2 9 6 5 2 10 A 7 6 5 K 6 5 J 8 7 A 9 4 K 10 8 2 Q J 8 7 4 K 10 Q 8 3 2 J 3

Many North-South auctions will be uncontested, but I vote for some intervention by West:

 WestPassDblPassAll Pass North1 PassPass EastPass2 3 SouthPass1 2 3

If you don’t care for the double, remember that matchpoints only occasionally resembles bridge. As a passed hand, the double is fairly safe, and here it allows East to compete with the assured club fit.

The play in diamonds should always produce nine tricks (but we know better). With a heart lead it seems that declarer can benefit by taking three fast hearts to throw a club. Not with sound defense; e.g., West takes the first spade and returns a trump, which East ducks, and the limit is still nine tricks.

North-South pairs who play in notrump can be held to seven tricks with a club lead (unless the defense fails to cash out upon winning the A); though eight tricks come home with a heart lead (note the 10 is trick).

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 11

 ...+400...+300...+150...+130 10099989796959389 +120+110+100+90...+500-50 8556272524232216 ...-100...-150...-200...-300 107654321 ... 0

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## Board 12

 West DealsN-S Vul A 10 9 5 3 2 10 7 3 7 A 4 2 K 6 K Q 4 2 A 10 8 10 9 7 6 J 8 A J 9 K Q 9 5 3 K 8 3 Q 7 4 8 6 5 J 6 4 2 Q J 5

With 26 HCP, two balanced hands and no 8-card major fit, almost all East-West pairs will reach 3 NT. Standard bidding dictates this route:

 West1 2 NT North1 Pass East2 3 NT SouthPassAll Pass

If North overcalled 2 instead, East would bid 3 and West 3 NT. In either case, West shouldn’t bid hearts because East failed to make a negative double, and he shouldn’t raise diamonds because of his crucial spade holding for notrump.

Alas, 3 NT is doomed unless declarer is inspired. Assume the 10 lead: jack, queen, king; then the 10 to the king. I doubt that one could logically apply Zia’s award-winning tip, “If they don’t cover, they don’t have it!” so it would be a deep position for declarer to finesse the 8. I wouldn’t, and I’d be down one — of course, all my partners have learned to predict that before the opening lead.

The few timid East-West pairs who miss game will be rewarded, as will those reaching a 4-3 heart fit (North will likely lead his singleton to make 10 tricks easy).

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 12

 ...+670...+200...+150...+110 10099989796959493 +100...+50...-90-100-110-120 8780583736353026 -130-140-150...-170...-200... 2118171615141312 -400-420-430...-450-460...-500 119654321 ... 0

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## Board 13

 North DealsBoth Vul K 9 2 Q 10 9 8 6 A K Q J 8 7 6 3 8 7 4 9 5 3 2 7 4 2 A J 10 5 4 A 2 Q J 10 7 10 5 Q 8 K J 6 5 3 A K 4 9 6 3

After a strong notrump by North, East may pass at the vulnerability, leading to this transfer sequence:

 WestPassPass North1 NT2 4 EastPassPassAll Pass South2 *3 NT
*Jacoby transfer

Four hearts looks cut-and-dried for 11 tricks, but there is a good chance to win 12. Assume the normal Q lead, then a heart to the queen, ace. If East makes the instinctive play of another diamond, North can score a diamond ruff, then overtake his heart to draw trumps. This risks disaster if hearts are 4-1, but I’d certainly go for it — especially when you consider that some pairs will be making 11 tricks in 3 NT.

East may overcall if playing an appropriate two-suited convention such as Astro, Brozel or Cappelletti. This appears to be a bad decision facing West’s Yarborough, but the defense can only get 500 (against 2  or 2 ) with best play. Chances are, most Souths will give up on the penalty and just bid their game.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 13

 ...+800...+750...+690+680... 10099989796958479 +660+650...+630+620+600...+500 7243181716151413 ...+230+210+200...+170...+150 12111098765 ...-100...-200... 43210

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## Board 14

 East DealsNone Vul J 8 3 K 5 4 7 4 A 8 7 4 2 K Q A 8 6 3 2 A K Q J 9 Q A 7 6 5 4 10 7 10 6 2 K 10 9 10 9 2 Q J 9 8 5 3 J 6 5 3

West’s strong hand is not good enough for 2 , so many will conduct this natural auction:

 West1 3 NorthPassPass EastPass1 3 NT SouthPassPassAll Pass

Again the story is overtricks. After the likely club lead to the ace and another club, East must decide whether to try the club finesse to make 11 tricks or hope the spades break 3-3 to make 12. Assuming the lead is a low club, South is a big favorite to hold the jack, so the better play is to hop and cash — especially when in view of all four hands.

No doubt some East-West pairs will bid a slam, probably when West takes a too rosy view of his hand. Only an unlikely heart lead will stop 6 NT, and 6  or 6  can always be made. No justice, as any slam requires at least a 3-3 spade break (about 36 percent). To the slam bidders, I say this: If you bid one at my table, let it be six hearts; and if you like, I’ll even underlead the A.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 14

 ...+150...+100...+50...-110 10098979695918786 ...-130-140-150...-170...-200 8584828079787776 ...-230...-400-420-430...-450 7574737059504945 -460...-480-490...-920...-980 413329218654 -990... 10

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## Board 15

 South DealsN-S Vul 6 K Q 9 5 4 3 A 9 A 5 4 2 — A J 10 K J 8 7 5 3 Q 10 9 6 K Q J 9 8 7 5 4 7 10 6 K 3 A 10 3 2 8 6 2 Q 4 2 J 8 7

It’s hard to imagine any auction ending below 4 , and this should be a common one:

 West1 All Pass North1 East4 SouthPassDbl

South’s double is speculative, of course, but I think it’s the right strategy. North’s vulnerable overcall rates to supply at least two tricks, so take your best shot for a good score.

As expected, 4 is routinely down one — possibly two if declarer were to misguess diamonds, but this seems unlike on most lines of play. Note the substantial scoring difference between plus 50 and 100 for North-South, so the double is indeed fruitful.

Here’s a cute play: Win the A, ruff a heart and lead the nine of spades. As South, I admit I would play low expecting partner to win with a singleton or doubleton honor. Of course, if East ever really tried this, you can be sure spades would be 3-2, or a singleton 10.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 15

 ...+800...+500...+300...+200 10099989796939089 ...+150...+100...+50...-100 8887867258352019 ...-140...-170...-200...-300 1817161514131211 ...-420...-500...-530...-590 109876543 ...-800... 210

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## Board 16

 West DealsE-W Vul K 7 6 2 K Q 10 8 5 A 9 7 6 J 10 5 7 6 3 2 6 5 4 A 9 3 A 3 A 9 J 7 3 2 K Q J 10 8 Q 9 8 4 J 4 K Q 10 8 5 4 2

The negative double should allow North-South to find their spade fit on this typical auction:

 WestPassPass North1 2 East2 All Pass SouthDbl

After three rounds of clubs, North ruffs and makes the obvious spade play, low to the queen (East is marked for the A once West reveals the A). Then it is routine to duck the spade return and bring home nine tricks. East can be a pest by leading a fourth and fifth club, but South takes the ruffs and West cannot score his trump.

Some East-West pairs, unfazed by the vulnerability, may compete to 3 , which can be set two tricks. The defense must lead trumps after winning each diamond trick to stop a diamond ruff (or a dummy reversal), so you can be sure many declarers will be allowed to escape for down one. The moral: If you’re going to misdefend, you had better double — else save the embarrassment by bidding and making 3 .

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 16

 ...+800...+500...+300...+200 10099989796959493 ...+170...+140...+110+100... 9089887564554137 -50...-90-100-110-120...-150 292218106543 ...-180... 210

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## Board 17

 North DealsNone Vul J 10 7 Q J 10 6 5 4 9 6 3 10 6 5 2 K 3 Q 10 4 2 A 7 6 4 K 9 8 4 3 A 8 2 A 8 7 Q 9 A Q 9 7 K J 5 K J 8 5 3 2

Bid ‘em up, I say. Sound weak two-bidders please close your eyes:

 West3 North2 All Pass East2 South2 NT

East’s overcall is not much better than North’s opening. South tries for game with a forcing 2 NT (he’s not in on the joke yet), and West raises spades. North’s pass should be fair warning for South to give up.

In spades, all roads lead to nine tricks unless declarer does something terrible (like a spade to the king after South ruffs with the queen). On a heart lead and three rounds of hearts, whether South ruffs or discards, he must sooner or later lead a minor suit to help declarer. Essentially, the defense will make three trumps and one minor-suit trick.

In hearts, North can win only eight tricks (seven with a diamond lead), so 4 doubled is not a wise move. After the likely spade lead, declarer must immediately lead a club from dummy to build communication and play accurately thereafter, so many will do worse.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 17

 ...+420...+300...+200...+170 10099989796959493 ...+150+140...+110+100+90... 9291908988858281 +50...-50...-90-100-110-120 7466605554504339 ...-140-150...-170...-200... 383116109876 -300...-500...-800... 543210

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## Board 18

 East DealsN-S Vul A J 9 A K 2 J 5 K 10 8 6 2 Q 6 4 J 9 6 K 10 6 4 A Q 4 8 5 3 Q 8 5 3 7 2 9 7 5 3 K 10 7 2 10 7 4 A Q 9 8 3 J

Despite West’s third-seat opening, good North-South bidding should reach the best contract:

 West1 PassAll Pass NorthDbl3 EastPassPassPass SouthPass2 3 NT

South’s jump response to the takeout double is invitational. North’s 3 bid indicates acceptance without four spades (South will often have only four spades), and South has no problem choosing 3 NT.

The play offers many twists and turns. Nine tricks can always be made, and a favorable lead could yield more. Assume West finds the most effective heart lead, ducked to East, and a heart is returned. The  J is led to West, then another heart. South can now succeed by setting up diamonds and later playing West for the Q and A, or in various other ways.

What if West ducks the J at trick three? Again there are many paths, but probably the simplest is to lead to the A, finesse the J and run four spade tricks. Then exit with the J…

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 18

 ...+1100...+800...+750...+660 10099989593929190 +650...+630+620+600...+500... 8988868372666157 +300...+210+200...+180+170... 5655545352515049 +150+140+130+120+110+100+90... 4743403732282625 +50...-100...-200...-300... 24231564320

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## Board 19

 South DealsE-W Vul J 2 Q 7 2 J 10 9 6 8 4 3 2 K 7 6 4 K 6 3 K Q 5 4 3 J A 10 8 J 8 5 A 7 Q 9 7 6 5 Q 9 5 3 A 10 9 4 8 2 A K 10

Whether West elects to overcall or double, East-West are apt to get overboard. I would be in this camp:

 WestDbl NorthPass East2 NT South1 All Pass

The 2 NT response is invitational, and West certainly has no extras (if he has a double at all).

As South I would lead a spade: low, jack, ace. Say, declarer now leads the 10: queen, king; then a spade to the nine. South cashes the K then exits with either red suit (it isn’t necessary to lead a heart). Declarer now has six tricks and he can make seven with the K, but that’s the limit. The same result should occur if declarer leads diamonds at trick two. There is no legitimate way to establish and enjoy additional tricks in spades, hearts and diamonds.

Weak notrumpers will open the South hand 1 NT and probably play it there, as West’s hand seems too barren to compete. This can always be set one trick, or more if declarer misplays hearts by running the 10.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 19

 ...+500...+300...+200...+120 10099989796918786 ...+100+90+80...-50...-90 8571575453474136 -100-110-120-130-140-150...-180 2414986543 ...-300... 210

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## Board 20

 West DealsBoth Vul A 10 4 K 2 Q 9 4 3 K 10 3 2 7 2 A J A K J 10 8 7 9 8 6 K Q J 5 Q 8 4 3 6 5 J 7 5 9 8 6 3 10 9 7 6 5 2 A Q 4

This auction should be repeated at the great majority of tables:

 West1 2 NorthPassAll Pass East1 SouthPass

After the probable club lead (least of evils), accurate defense will inflict a two-trick set. South wins the A and should shift to a heart. It makes no difference how declarer plays, but assume he hops, cashes the A and leads a spade. North wins, cashes both of his kings then puts South on lead with a club. Now a third heart lead promotes North’s 9 — if West ruffs with the jack, North discards a spade.

Question: Which side can make 1 NT? The answer is neither. It looks like North might, but the killing defense is a diamond to the king and a spade switch (continuing diamonds is inadequate). If North ducks, the defense shifts back to diamonds; if he hops, he cannot score both a heart and a diamond trick. None of this is realistic, but I needed to fill this space with something.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 20

 ...+500+400...+300...+200... 10099979693908173 +140...+110+100...-90-100-110 7271705540271411 -120-130...-180...-200...-500 109876543 ...-600... 210

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## Board 21

 North DealsN-S Vul A Q 9 5 3 5 4 A 9 K Q J 4 K 8 6 2 9 6 2 J 10 7 6 3 2 7 4 A K J 8 Q 8 4 9 7 5 3 J 10 Q 10 7 3 K 5 2 A 10 8 6

Using the popular “one notrump forcing” convention the obvious auction is:

 WestPassPass North1 2 3 NT EastPassPassAll Pass South1 NT2 NT

The 2 NT rebid is invitational, suggesting 11-12 HCP, but South uses good judgment to upgrade his 10 points ( J-10 especially should be golden). North has more than enough to accept.

After a diamond lead to the queen and king, declarer can set up the spade suit, so East-West will get one spade and two heart tricks (whether they cash them or not). Ten tricks seem to be routine.

How about 11? Look more closely at the spade suit when South leads the jack. If South held J-7 or J-4, West should cover with the king, after which declarer would almost surely win and later finesse the nine. Only when South holds J-10 is it right to duck. With 2-to-1 odds in favor of covering, here’s one more opportunity for the experts to bite the dust.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 21

 ...+750...+690...+660+650... 10099989796878078 +630+620+600...+210+200...+180 6546353029282726 +170...+150+140+130...+110... 2422201816141312 -100...-200...-300... 963210

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## Board 22

 East DealsE-W Vul 10 4 3 K J 8 6 4 8 5 2 7 5 A Q J 2 10 7 A Q 7 6 A J 6 6 5 A Q 3 2 K J 9 3 K 8 3 K 9 8 7 9 5 10 4 Q 10 9 4 2

The East-West cards provide a sound play for 6 , and I would suggest this auction:

 West1 3 4 6 NorthPassPassPassAll Pass East1 1 NT3 NT4 SouthPassPassPassPass

The jump to 3 is forcing in my methods. East tries 3 NT with both unbid suits stopped, and West cue-bids 4 . East now cue-bids 4 , which provides the spark for West to bid the slam.

Essentially, 6 requires one of two finesses (spades or hearts) and reasonable breaks. On the friendly lie of the cards, all 13 tricks should be won. Declarer does not even need the successful club finesse — he should draw only two rounds of trumps ( A-K) as he finesses in the majors, then the defense is helpless.

I wish I could switch some cards here to punish the greedy bidders who reach 6 NT. Alas, three out of three finesses work, so 12 tricks are a breeze. It makes me nauseous.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 22

 ...+200...+100...-170...-190 10099989795949392 ...-240...-600-620-630-640... 9190898887868584 -660...-690-710-720...-1100... 8176584239383736 -1370...-1390...-1430-1440...-1470 35343028271531 ... 0

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## Board 23

 South DealsBoth Vul 9 5 A 10 7 3 A 8 7 6 4 A 6 6 4 3 2 K 8 4 5 K 9 7 5 4 A K Q 10 8 Q 5 2 Q J 2 8 3 J 7 J 9 6 K 10 9 3 Q J 10 2

This should be a partscore battle between diamonds and spades, something like:

 WestPass2 3 North1 3 All Pass East1 Pass SouthPass2 Pass

Note that it is West, not East, who should push to 3 . East’s balanced shape and Q-J-x suggest defending, although 3  is easily made.

The fate of 3 should depend on South’s opening lead. If he chooses a diamond to North’s ace, declarer can later establish a diamond with the ruffing finesse to provide a heart discard from dummy — nine tricks. With any other lead, the contract should fail.

The defense is severely tested after the Q lead (my choice), ducked by declarer. South must now switch to a heart, which is finessed to force the queen. If declarer next draws trumps and ducks a club to the blank ace, North must then underlead his A to reach South for another heart lead.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 23

 ...+500...+200...+140+130+120 10099989796959493 +110+100+90...-100-110...-140 8770585754464227 ...-170...-200...-300...-500 129876543 ...-620... 210

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## Board 24

 West DealsNone Vul Q 10 K J 10 2 6 3 9 8 7 4 2 A J 9 7 4 2 9 8 7 6 9 6 3 K 5 Q 5 4 3 K Q 10 7 Q J 10 8 6 3 A A J 8 5 4 2 A K 5

As a member of the “bid now, pay later” club, I could not resist a weak two-bid as West:

 West2 Pass NorthPassPass EastPassDbl South3 All Pass

East’s double is aggressive but follows sound matchpoint strategy — an attempt to get 300 instead of 100 to beat the likely East-West partscores of 110 or higher. And so it does.

Regardless of the lead, South is destined to lose three trump tricks, two spades and a club. Note that if the defenders lead trumps to prevent a spade ruff, this costs a trump trick so the result is the same.

I think I’ll save this deal as an example for those who never open a weak two-bid with a side four-card major. The contention is that they are likely to lose their 4-4 fit. What a shame to miss playing this deal in hearts.

Curiously, West cannot be set in 2 if he guesses to drop the Q after the 10 appears. Some may even win nine tricks if South fails to cash his four top tricks and becomes endplayed.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 24

 ...+800...+500...+300...+200 10099989796959291 ...+150...+130...+110+100+90 9088868584837671 ...+50...-50...-100-110-120 7065595448392927 ...-140-150...-200...-300... 262318151413129 -400...-470...-500...-550... 87654210

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## Board 25

 North DealsE-W Vul 8 3 2 K 5 3 J 10 A K 10 7 4 Q J 10 4 4 A 9 7 6 3 2 8 5 7 Q J 8 7 6 Q 8 5 4 Q J 2 A K 9 6 5 A 10 9 2 K 9 6 3

Most North-South pairs will reach the ill-fated 4 , some after this standard auction:

 WestPassPassAll Pass NorthPass2 2 EastPassPassPass South1 2 4

West will usually lead the A, and South ruffs the continuation. The proper play I think is to cash one top spade, then lead a club to the 10 (West might have Q-J-x). No matter what East returns, declarer can cash the second top spade and lead clubs to avoid a heart loser — down one.

Note that it does not help West to lead a heart. Declarer simply captures the jack with his ace, and the heart suit is dead for the defense. When East wins a club, he could kill dummy’s entry by return the heart queen — but that’s not all it kills.

Those who go down two in 4 can only blame themselves, and those who make it can probably thank West for underleading his ace.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 25

 ...+800...+500...+430+420+400 10099989796959493 ...+200...+170...+150+140+130 9291908988878681 +120+110+100...-50...-100-110 8078757459443015 ...-150...-200...-300...-500 14111098765 ...-670...-800... 43210

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## Board 26

 East DealsBoth Vul A 10 A 6 4 J 10 5 3 A K 8 2 K 2 K Q 9 5 2 Q 4 2 J 10 4 J 9 8 7 6 5 4 10 A K 7 5 3 Q 3 J 8 7 3 9 8 6 Q 9 7 6

I’ve already suggested a few controversial two-bids, and now I’ll move up a notch:

 WestPass North3 NT East3 All Pass SouthPass

East’s hand would not appear in any textbooks on preempting, but once again it pays to be undisciplined. The essence of a preempt is to make your opponents guess, so the more your hands vary, the more difficult it is for them to guess right.

What should North do? If he doubles, South would bid 4 (yuk), so 3 NT seems to be a better choice. Perhaps North should just pass. Wait! There’s another option I overlooked: “Double. Your lead partner!” — yep, works every time.

Against 3 NT East will lead a spade (why not with two entries). The play goes queen, king [expletive deleted], and the best declarer can do is cash out for down three. Even guessing spades leaves declarer down two.

Those who play in spades will win exactly eight tricks barring a defensive error.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 26

 ...+500+400...+300...+200... 10095929190898276 +120+110+100+90...-100-110... 7574645554514237 -140...-170...-200...-300... 3532313028231915 -400-500...-620...-670...-730 1413121110987 ...-800...-1100... 65320

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## Board 27

 South DealsNone Vul Q 9 Q 5 A K 9 8 7 4 A Q 10 8 7 5 4 3 A J 6 2 9 5 4 2 A J 6 2 K 9 7 6 3 Q 10 K 8 K 10 10 8 4 2 J 5 3 J 7 6 3

North has an awkward hand to bid, but the positional value of his major-suit queens makes 1 NT a standout. This should lead to a competitive auction:

 WestPass2 3 North1 NT3 All Pass East2 *Pass SouthPassPassPass
*Cappelletti (majors)

Assume East-West are playing Cappelletti (or similar) where 2 shows both majors. West is happy to bid spades (perhaps he should jump to three), North shows his real hand, and West competes to 3 .

Three spades is right on the money. With trumps 2-2, West can easily manage nine tricks as long as he doesn’t get careless. Translation: Draw trumps.

Those who play in diamonds can also win nine tricks. Assume East leads the ace and another spade. Declarer should immediately lead the J (he may never get to dummy again), then later his only option is to drop the Q. The sparsity of entries turns out to be a blessing, as declarer might otherwise play East for a singleton 10 after he showed both majors.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 27

 ...+500...+300...+200...+180 10099989796959493 ...+150...+130+120+110+100+90 9291878274635450 ...+50...-50...-100-110... 4945413734322928 -140...-200...-500...-530... 229765432 -570... 10

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## Board 28

 West DealsN-S Vul 6 4 Q 8 6 3 A K Q 10 6 3 2 A K J 10 7 5 9 5 2 A Q 7 3 8 7 5 3 2 9 J 8 4 K 6 5 4 K Q J 10 9 A 4 2 7 J 10 9 8

The first round of bidding looks routine, and I think North should pass 2 (unless forcing by system):

 West1 All Pass North2 EastPass South2

A spade contract plays fairly well. West will probably lead a diamond as the least of evils. If declarer pitches two clubs then leads a club, the defense is helpless to stop nine tricks — not a great result, but 140 neatly slips past those making 130 in diamonds. Some will do even better against weak defense; and what about the all-time weakest defense: A and a heart switch!

An interesting contract is 3 NT by South, which is laydown on a heart lead. It looks like West must lead a club to the king for a heart shift, but East could never know this. In view of dummy, he would return a club; then West can still defeat 3 NT with a diamond switch. Try it, and you’ll see that no matter how many diamonds are cashed, declarer cannot discard effectively, and the defense can prevail. An original diamond lead also does the job.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 28

 ...+800...+750...+690...+660 10098979695949190 +650...+630+620+600...+500... 8887868580777675 +300...+200...+170...+150+140 7473727169656153 +130...+110+100...+50...-100 4540383635343327 ...-200...-300...-500... 201496310

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## Board 29

 North DealsBoth Vul 10 8 7 5 4 10 6 3 Q J 10 3 6 A K 9 6 3 J A 9 2 Q J 8 5 Q Q 9 4 2 8 6 4 A 10 9 3 2 J 2 A K 8 7 5 K 7 5 K 7 4

This auction is likely to occur at many tables:

 West1 2 NT NorthPassPassAll Pass EastPass1 NT South1 Pass

Perhaps West should bid 2 at his second turn, but I prefer the straightforward game invitation at matchpoints. East surely has minimal values and declines.

The K followed by a diamond shift would send declarer packing, but let’s defend without mirrors: On a low heart lead won in dummy, the Q is led and South should duck to get more information. On the next club North should discard the diamond queen and South wins the king. Next comes the K10 from North to clarify that East has another stopper — then a diamond. Nine tricks for declarer.

East-West pairs who play in clubs will not fair as well, with 10 tricks the limit on the unfriendly lie. It would be sound bidding to reach 5 , an excellent contract with a heart lead, but not so good with a diamond lead because of entry problems.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 29

 ...+730...+670...+500...+300 10099989796959493 ...+200...+140...+110+100... 9184777675746658 -80-90-100-110-120-130-140-150 5755534941342925 ...-170-180...-200...-500... 17161312111098 -600...-630...-750...-800... 76543210

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## Board 30

 East DealsNone Vul Q J 9 8 7 2 K Q 9 7 5 J J 6 3 J 10 8 4 2 A 7 Q 7 4 3 A K 10 5 3 K 8 6 3 A K 8 5 4 A 6 Q 10 9 5 4 2 10 9 6 2

This rates to be a trouble deal for North-South. If East opens 1 , I would get caught in this fray:

 WestDbl North2 East1 Dbl South2 All Pass

West’s negative double is not classic but protected by the club fit. Perhaps North should pass to see what develops — nah, I’ll do my own development. East has a luscious penalty double, and West should pass unless he believes that his double showed spades.

In spades, North can manage six tricks after the K lead. Assume a heart shift (six, 10, king); J to the ace; spade to the jack, king; A, ruffed; heart, ruffed; K, ruffed; then North leads a spade to East. The defense eventually runs out of exit cards, and West is forced to lead a heart.

Can East make 3 NT? Yes, but it takes double-dummy play. After a low diamond lead to the king, declarer cashes the K and leads a heart to begin to sever the enemy communication. Later the 10 can be finessed, and South can be endplayed (note club spots).

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 30

 ...+470...+300...+150...+100 10099989796959489 ...+50...-90-100-110-120-130 8471595854483932 ...-150...-200...-300...-400 3129272726232016 ...-430...-490-500...-800... 141312118532 -1100... 10

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## Board 31

 South DealsN-S Vul 6 9 7 6 3 A 10 9 A Q 10 7 2 8 7 5 3 A 10 8 2 K 7 5 6 4 A J 2 K Q Q J 6 3 2 K 9 8 K Q 10 9 4 J 5 4 8 4 J 5 3

In third seat North will usually open 1 , leading to this simple auction:

 WestPass North1 East1 NT SouthPassAll Pass

The vulnerability and flat distribution should deter South from bidding — good thing, since West would surely double 2 , which can be defeated two tricks with sound defense.

Against 1 NT assume South leads the K and East wins. (It would be foolish to duck and receive the obvious club shift.) The Q is ducked, then North takes the K with the ace. The club return is ducked to the jack, then on the next club North must not take the ace — else South gets caught in an end position. As diamonds are cashed, South must discard spades, and North hearts to hold declarer to eight tricks. No doubt some Souths will pitch a heart, allowing declarer to overtake the second heart for nine or 10 tricks.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 31

 ...+300...+110+100+90...+50 10099979694939282 ...-90-100-110-120-130...-150 7470645538201912 ...-200...-300...-400...-500 119876543 ...-800... 210

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## Board 32

 West DealsE-W Vul A 5 3 10 9 A 10 6 5 2 A J 2 K 9 4 K Q 8 J 8 3 K Q 7 5 8 6 J 7 6 4 2 K Q 7 9 4 3 Q J 10 7 2 A 5 3 9 4 10 8 6

Bridge is a bidder’s game, so how about this stretch to the limit:

 West1 PassAll Pass North1 3 East1 Pass South1 4

The 3 and 4 bids are both reasonable, though aggressive. I doubt North-South would bid past 2  in an uncontested environment, but competitive auctions have a propelling nature.

Assume West leads the K, ducked, then the Q to South’s ace. Declarer finesses spades twice (ducked by West) and concedes a diamond. If a third heart is led, declarer can ruff with the A, establish diamonds with a ruff, and concede a trump.

What if West shifts to the K at trick two? North wins the ace and a diamond is ducked. Best defense now is to clear clubs. Declarer must be careful to unblock the J and win the third club in hand, then the Q is led. If West covers the first or second spade, declarer can ruff a heart; if West refuses to cover, the diamonds come home with the A entry.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 32

 ...+500...+420...+300...+200 10098968983828077 ...+170...+140...+120+110+100 7461474134333025 +90...-50...-80...-100-110 20171198765 ...-150...-300... 43210

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## Board 33

 North DealsNone Vul J 9 7 5 3 A Q J 4 5 9 4 2 A Q 10 5 2 10 9 7 3 2 Q 7 5 K 4 6 3 A K Q J 8 4 J 6 3 10 8 6 2 K 9 8 7 6 A K 10 8

Despite the 11-card trump fit, I would expect many East-West pairs to gamble on notrump, perhaps with this lively auction:

 West1 NT NorthPass2 East1 3 NT SouthDblAll Pass

South’s double is on the light side but ideal in shape; West makes a matchpoint notrump bid; North cue-bids to show both majors; and East… well, he paid his entry fee too. None of these calls are clear-cut, but neither are they out of line.

Against 3 NT, North-South can cash the first six tricks with a club or heart lead, but after a spade lead they must settle for the last five. Observe that North-South do not receive a good score for either down one or two, because they are cold for plus 140. Even if 3 NT is doubled, East-West have an escape route to 4 , down only one regardless of the defense.

In spades (or hearts) North-South have an easy nine tricks, and some will be given 10 when the defense leads a second diamond.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 33

 ...+590...+420...+300...+170 10099989796959492 ...+140...+110+100...+50... 9076626156544639 -50...-90-100-110-120...-150 36323126171087 ...-300...-400...-490... 6543210

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## Board 34

 East DealsN-S Vul 8 10 8 7 2 A J 3 K 10 6 5 4 A K 10 9 5 3 2 K 9 7 5 9 3 Q J 6 A J 9 5 3 K Q 10 4 Q 7 4 Q 6 4 8 6 2 A J 8 7 2

Virtually all roads lead to 4 (or perhaps 5 ), and I would bid this way:

 West1 4 NorthPassAll Pass East1 2 SouthPassPass

The controversial call is East’s raise to 2 , which I especially like at matchpoints, not only to reach a high-scoring strain but to simplify the bidding. West might have only four spades, but I have no aversion to Moysian trump fits — when chosen diligently they produce far more good results than bad.

Some pairs may consider a slam here (especially when East complicates the bidding), but they will land safely in 5  when two aces are found to be missing.

The play looks clear-cut for 11 tricks, but North-South must take their two tricks immediately. Suppose a club is led to the ace. If South returns anything but a diamond, declarer has the rest — hearts set up with a ruff to pitch three diamonds. The winning defense is hardly obvious; in fact, if North held the K, it might be necessary for South to return a heart before the A is dislodged.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 34

 ...+100...+50...-200...-230 10099989695928886 ...-450...-480...-500...-650 8463402810743 ...-800... 210

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## Board 35

 South DealsE-W Vul 7 10 9 7 5 10 7 5 K 9 8 5 4 K J 9 4 2 K 8 4 2 A Q 10 2 10 3 J 6 J 8 6 4 3 2 J 6 3 A Q 8 6 5 A Q 3 K Q 9 A 7

South has two reasonable opening bids; I have no quarrel with 1 but slightly prefer:

 WestPassPass North3 3 NT EastPassAll Pass South2 NT3

North uses Stayman hoping to find a heart fit, and then retreats to 3 NT — not a glamorous contract, but we’ve all been in worse.

West has a tough lead problem, as spades were bid on his right, and hearts were implied by the Stayman bid. At double-dummy a heart or a club honor is best (the defense prevails); but I must admit I would try a spade, which goes to the queen.

South also has problems. It does no good to establish clubs without an entry, so he should lead hearts: ace then queen (or optionally, queen first), which is rewarded. When West wins the K, it makes no difference, but he will surely continue with a spade honor. South now can establish his ninth trick in diamonds (second round finesse) or in spades with the potent spot cards, while the defense can win only four tricks.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 35

 ...+800...+500...+400...+200 10099989796898281 ...+180...+150...+120+110+100 8079787470655753 +90+80...-50...-100...-150 52474231181265 ...-300...-500... 43210

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## Board 36

 West DealsBoth Vul 10 9 7 5 2 A K 9 7 4 8 5 2 A 8 4 3 Q 10 5 K 7 6 2 K 8 K 6 3 2 A J 10 9 4 Q J 9 3 Q J 6 J 8 Q 3 A 10 7 6 5 4

The trend on borderline hands is to bid, so I’m sure most Wests will open. Standard bidders may witness:

 West1 Dbl North2 Pass EastDbl3 South2 All Pass

North’s 2 is a Michaels cue-bid (both majors); East doubles to show a good hand; South chooses his better major; and West doubles (penalty) holding four spades. East should not sit for the double with the undisclosed five-card diamond fit, though it might be better to pull it to 2 NT at matchpoints.

The fate of 3 should be quickly sealed with three rounds of hearts, ruffed, then the A and a club ruff — down one.

East-West pairs who play in notrump should win nine tricks with a spade lead (or the K); eight tricks with a low heart lead if West declares, but only seven if the brutal J is led against East.

In spades, North-South can win nine tricks (except on a club lead), but this requires a double heart finesse if the defense leads two or three trumps. Realistically, the norm is eight tricks.

### North-South Matchpoints — Board 36

 ...+730...+670...+500...+200 10099989796959493 ...+140...+110+100...0... 9287817371696765 -100-110-120...-150...-180... 5246423937313028 -200...-500...-600...-630... 231715138432 -800... 10

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© 1995 Richard Pavlicek